Case 3: Broad generic antimicrobial portfolio, Cipla
Generic medicine manufacturer Cipla stands out for its stewardship practices. It manufactures a wide range of antibiotics, such as the low-cost azithromycin and amoxicillin, which are both widely used for a variety of infections.
- Has more than 1500 products on the market
- Markets at least 25 antimicrobials, including 23 on Section 6 of the WHO EML
- One of only two generic medicine manufacturers with an equitable pricing approach
- Takes account of country’s GNI when setting prices
- Educational activities to educate HCPs on antibiotic stewardship
- Illustrates AMR trends in some marketing materials
- Adapts packaging to support rational use
- Engages in AMR surveillance
As a generic medicine manufacturer, Cipla uses a low-cost, high-volume model that allows it to specialise in developing generic versions or formulations of products such as amoxicillin and azithromycin after patent expiry. Across the industry, this business model has proven highly successful at expanding access to medicines in recent decades, particularly through price reduction. Yet it is seemingly at odds with the need to reduce the overuse of antibiotics. Looking ahead, generic medicine manufacturers have a clear responsibility to market their antibiotics appropriately.
Cipla has a presence in more than 80 countries, with 43 manufacturing facilities worldwide and markets more than 1,500 products across various therapeutic areas. This includes at least 25 antimicrobial medicines, 23 of which are listed on Section 6 of the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (EML). It is one of only two generic medicine manufacturers in the scope of the Benchmark that reported an equitable pricing strategy that covers antimicrobials as well as multiple stewardship activities, particularly surveillance. Its inter-country equitable pricing strategy is based on countries’ levels of income (gross national income (GNI) per capita).
Cipla is the only generic medicine manufacture in the scope of the Benchmark that engages in multiple activities to educate healthcare professionals (HCPs) on antibiotic stewardship. The company also implements brochure and packaging adaptations to facilitate appropriate use of antibiotics by patients. For example, it includes information about treatment duration on the strip of the box of the antibiotic azithromycin to help improve patient adherence to the treatment. It has conducted several AMR-related prevalence studies, delivering the results via conferences and peer-reviewed journals.
For a full list of references, please see the 2018 AMR Benchmark report.